Flutter vs React Native: A Comprehensive Comparison

In the contemporary global lifestyle, people’s reliance on mobile apps for convenience has fueled the thriving mobile app industry. However, the enduring challenge confronting developers is the choice between Flutter vs React Native.

These formidable frameworks, hailing from tech giants Facebook and Google, engage in a fierce competition for supremacy in the realm of cross-platform app development. 

As users worldwide seek seamless access to a wide range of services via their smartphones, the decision between these two industry leaders becomes pivotal for developers seeking to create high-quality, cross-platform applications that cater to the demands of this burgeoning mobile-centric era.

Flutter vs React Native
  • In 2022, 32% of developers used React Native, while 46% chose Flutter for app development, according to Statista. 
  • The popularity of these two frameworks stems from their ability to create cross-platform apps using a single set of code. This not only saves time and money but also offers the same user experience as native apps. 
  • Additionally, hybrid apps made with these frameworks are easier to maintain and update compared to native ones. 

In this guide, we’ll explore the distinctions between Flutter vs React Native and uncover what makes them stand out.

Introduction of Flutter

Flutter, introduced by Google in 2017, is an open-source framework for creating apps that work on mobile, Windows, macOS, Linux, and the web. 

It uses the Dart programming language. Big players like Alibaba, Philips Hue, and Hamilton prefer Flutter for their projects. 

Google consistently updates Flutter, enhancing its performance with each release, making it a popular choice for building versatile cross-platform applications.

10 Advantages of using Flutter:

  1. Outstanding UI design capabilities.
  2. Rich library of widgets for diverse app components.
  3. Enhanced app speed and performance.
  4. Enables web app development (Flutter 2).
  5. Comprehensive and well-structured documentation and strong community support
  6. Facilitates consistent UI across various devices and platforms.
  7. Faster development with the “hot reload” feature
  8. Single codebase for iOS and Android, saving development time.
  9. Open-source framework, reducing costs.
  10. Strong backing from Google ensures ongoing support and updates.

5 Disadvantages of Flutter:

  1. Not fully native, which may affect certain platform-specific features and performance optimization.
  2. Flutter apps tend to be larger in size compared to native apps.
  3. Limited availability of specialized development tools and libraries.
  4. Steeper learning curve for developers not familiar with Dart.
  5. Dependency on third-party packages for certain functionalities.

Flutter Showcase: App Examples 

  • Google Ads 
  • myBMW
  • Xianyu by Alibaba 
  • eBay Motors
  • Philips Hue 
  • Hamilton
  • Nubank 
  • The New York Times
  • Groupon
  • Reflectly
Creating a cross-platform application using Flutter:-

Let’s delve into the process of crafting a cross-platform application with a simple user interface using Flutter. If you’re looking to install Flutter on your local system, the official guide is your go-to resource. 

cross-platform application using Flutter

Within a Flutter application, the crucial piece is the main.dart file, where your dart code is showcased in the app’s user interface, making it the focal point of your development efforts.

flutter code

Also Read:- Unleash the Power of Flutter: Choose the Best App Development Company for Your Next Project

Introduction of React Native

React Native, introduced by Facebook in 2015, is an open-source framework using JavaScript. It simplifies cross-platform app creation, allowing developers to use one codebase for multiple platforms, and eliminating the need for additional technologies. Prominent apps like Skype, Instagram, and Uber Eats rely on React Native for their development, attesting to its popularity and effectiveness in building versatile mobile applications.

10 Advantages of using React Native:

  1. Utilizes JavaScript, a widely adopted and versatile programming language.
  2. Enables the development of apps for multiple platforms, streamlining development with a single codebase.
  3. Emphasizes and facilitates code reusability, saving time and effort.
  4. Benefits from a thriving and engaged community, ensuring support and a wealth of resources.
  5. Accelerates development speed by offering a “write once, run anywhere” approach.
  6. Integration with native components allows access to device features and performance optimization.
  7. Hot-reloading feature for real-time code updates and faster debugging.
  8. Cost-effective development with a single development team for multiple platforms.
  9. Large library of third-party plugins and modules for extending functionality.
  10. Backed by Facebook, ensuring continuous development and updates.

5 Disadvantages of using React Native:

  1. Not fully native, which may impact access to platform-specific features and performance optimization.
  2. May lack innovative, pre-built components, requiring additional development effort.
  3. Limited choices compared to native development languages.
  4. Risk of using abandoned or outdated libraries and packages that can cause compatibility issues.
  5. User interface may require thorough testing to maintain a native-like experience, and React Native apps tend to be larger in size.

React Native Showcase: App examples

  • Instagram 
  • Pinterest 
  • Meta Ads Manager 
  • Discord 
  • Skype 
  • Wix Owner 
  • Bloomberg 
  • Tesla 
  • Walmart 
  • Microsoft Office
Creating a cross-platform application using React Native:-

is a straightforward process. Setting up a project in React Native is simpler compared to Flutter. You can install React Native via NPM from the command line, and the official React Native guide offers comprehensive instructions for a smooth setup.

cross-platform application using React Native

In a React Native project, the user interface (UI) showcases code written in the App.js file, making this file central to your development efforts. This approach ensures a clear and organized structure for your app’s codebase. React Native’s simplicity and ease of accessing resources contribute to its popularity as an excellent choice for creating cross-platform applications with a basic UI.

code react

Features Comparison of Flutter and React Native

When comparing Flutter vs React Native for cross-platform app development, it’s crucial to understand the differences between these two frameworks. Here’s a comprehensive breakdown of their distinctions:

1. Programming Languages:

Flutter: Utilizes the Dart programming language.

React Native: Relies on JavaScript and JSX for development.

2. Architecture:

Flutter: Employs a 2D graphic rendering library called Skia and does not require a programming bridge.

React Native: Uses the Flux architecture and necessitates JavaScript bridging for communication between JavaScript and Native code.

3. Documentation:

Flutter: Offers well-structured and organized documentation, making it user-friendly.

React Native: Relies heavily on third-party libraries, leading to less consistently maintained documentation.

4. Installation:

Flutter: Requires downloading the binary from GitHub and configuring system environment variables.

React Native: Can be easily installed using a single command through the node package manager (NPM).

5. Widgets and Components:

Flutter: Utilizes its native widgets, ensuring compatibility across platforms.

React Native: Incorporates third-party customization components, which can lead to compatibility issues.

6. 3D Support:

Flutter: Lacks support for 3D applications.

React Native: Offers better support for 3D development.

7. Platform Support:

Flutter: Excels in Android device support and provides robust compatibility with iOS devices, including iPhones and iPads.

React Native: Initially focused on iOS development due to Facebook’s requirements, it offers strong support for both Android and iOS devices.

Flutter vs React Native: Making the Choice

Deciding between Flutter and React Native isn’t simple. The better pick depends on the developer’s preferences and project needs. There’s no one-size-fits-all answer.

  • React Native boasts a strong community because it integrates JavaScript, a widely used language. This integration saves developers time, sparing them from the need to learn a completely new programming language, making it a popular choice for cross-platform app development.
  • Testing React Native apps requires third-party tools like Detox. In contrast, Flutter provides built-in testing capabilities, simplifying the testing process for developers.
  • Flutter’s choice of Dart grants it a faster compilation rate and inherent high performance. However, the challenge lies in Dart’s limited adoption, with only 6.54% of developers using it, as reported by Statista. This scarcity of Dart expertise means fewer developers are inclined to learn it.
  • Furthermore, its relative obscurity leads to a lack of support in several Integrated Development Environments (IDEs), which can pose difficulties for those working with the language.
  • React Native’s reliance on JavaScript bridging can slow it down compared to Flutter. However, Flutter’s speed may result in larger app file sizes, posing challenges for developers.

In this comparison guide, we explore the growing popularity of Flutter and React Native for cross-platform app development. These frameworks eliminate the need for separate code for Android and iOS, allowing developers to create applications for multiple platforms using a single codebase, simplifying the development process and saving time and effort.